Based on a study using online ethnography as the major research method, this book explains why and how men in Hong Kong use QQ-an online instant messenger-to "chase" women in mainland China, especially in the neighboring city of Shenzhen. Chasing women through QQ is a reciprocal exchange process during which the resources to be exchanged in the interaction are not negotiated. Rather, the men provide resources to the women, hoping for rewards in return that are not guaranteed. This characteristic of the exchange makes men who chase women through QQ very strategic in their action. They try to maximize the rewards and minimize the costs by adopting myriad strategies, such as constructing an attractive online identity by strategic self-presentation. The role of emotions in the exchange process is also examined. Men learn the emotional norms through the online forum, but sometimes it is difficult for them to control their emotions; some men fall in love when they are not supposed to. As it happens, they have failed to calculate the costs and rewards rationally in that they may provide too many resources to the women without getting enough rewards in return.
This book provides original insights into the thought processes, motivations, desires, anxieties and risks of Hong Kong men seeking short-term sexual relations with women on the mainland. These insights are highly relevant to our understanding of the quickly evolving use of social media, a phenomenon of worldwide importance and deep implications.
~he major theme of this book is the development of the vertebrate central nervous system. ~is volume contains summaries of most of the invited participants at the NA~ advanced study institute entitled "Development of central nervous system in vertebrates" held in Maratea, Italy, from June 23-July 5, 1991. In order to address this topic, we have drawn upon a selection of current studies dealing with molecular, cellular and system analysis which specifically pertain to the general principles of the development. ~he major aim of this institute was to bring together a select group of investigators who would present their views on the current issues in their respective fields and to foster extensive discussions amongst participants in smaller groups. Such interactions brought together the exchanges of ideas amongst participants and helped clarify the intricate details and formulate new vistas and collaborations. Since the study of nervous system development has focused mostly on the origin of neuron and glia cells, the area of current research was represented by talks on early cellular events including effects of growth factors, BOX and other gene expressions and cell lineage of specific cell type(s). Formation of specific cell types and the specific neuronal connections have been a major theme in the study of the nervous system development. Recent technical advances has resulted in new information at both cellular and molecular levels which have provided new details. Current research was represented by "selective" topics discussed at the meeting.
This book documents and explains how strategic human resource management (SHRM) and high performance work systems (HPWS) have been adopted among indigenous enterprises, namely state-owned enterprises (SOEs) and domestic private enterprises (DPEs) in China, from both management and employee perspectives.
The book examines the mutual relationships between employees and their supervisors/managers through social exchange theory. It explains how and why employees develop their perceptions and relationships with their immediate supervisors/managers in the working environment, and the consequent effects on their attitudes and behaviour at work.
Given the importance of the Chinese economy in the world, and the impact of its 'open-door' policy and economic and management reforms, this book will provide valuable insight into China's SHRM and HPWS.
Die International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) ist der fuhrende internationale Dachverband, der die Interessen von Bibliotheken und Informationsdiensten und ihren Nutzern vertritt. Sie ist das weltweite Sprachrohr der Bibliotheks- und Informationsberufe.
In der Reihe IFLA Publications wird eine Vielzahl der Moglichkeiten diskutiert, wie Bibliotheken, Informationszentren sowie Angestellte in Informations- und Dokumentationsberufen weltweit ihre Ziele formulieren und ihren Einfluss als Gruppe wahrnehmen, ihre Interessen vertreten sowie Losungen fur globale Probleme entwickeln konnen.
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